There are many reasons why farm animals may need to be moved or transported – including re-stocking, moving from drought areas for better grazing, change of ownership, or slaughter. Historically, livestock were moved on foot, but with increasing urbanization and commercialization of animal production, livestock are commonly transported by road and rail vehicles. But by any means of transportation or reasoning, farmers and ranchers ensure that transportation is done in an appropriate manner.
Over the decades, and through extensive research including university research on best management practices, farmers and ranchers have continued to improve handling practices.
Temple Grandin, an animal welfare advocate and professor of Animal Science at Colorado State University, has developed new management techniques to move animals. Grandin provides her expertise in designing structures for herd animals that reduce flight and increase comfort while keeping herds manageable. Best management practices is a priority to farmers and ranchers.
In addition to best management practices, farmers and ranchers must adhere to the 28-Hour Law to ensure animal safety. This law requires that animals transported across state lines, by means other than water or air, be unloaded every 28 hours for rest, food and water to ensure transportation is as low stress and safe as possible.