How do farmers transport animals to housing? How are animals transported from one farm to another?
Over the decades, and through extensive research, farmers and ranchers have continued to improve handling practices.
There are many reasons why farm animals might need to be moved, such as re-stocking, moving from drought areas to better grazing, change of ownership, or slaughter. Historically, livestock were moved on foot, but with increasing urbanization of population and commercialization of animal production, livestock is commonly transported by road and rail vehicles.
University research on best management practices is a priority to the industry. Some new practices can be attributed to animal welfare advocate and professor of Animal Science at Colorado State University, Temple Grandin. She works with farmers, ranchers and animal experts to develop techniques to move animals on the farm / ranch, and also during transportation to, and inside of, packing facilities. Grandin provides her expertise in designing structures for herd animals that reduce flight and increase comfort while keeping herds manageable.
Farmers and ranchers must adhere to the 28-Hour Law to ensure animals safety. This law requires that animals transported across state lines, by means other than water or air, be unloaded every 28 hours for rest, food and water to ensure transportation is as low stress and safe of a way as possible.
For more information on Grandin, her research and recommended practices, visit: