What are the most common ways produce becomes contaminated, and what are farmers doing to reduce those pathogens?

Produce such as spinach, lettuce, tomatoes, sprouts and melons can become contaminated with Salmonella, Shigella, or  E. coli O157:H7. Contamination can occur during growing, harvesting, processing, storing, shipping or final preparation. Sources of produce contamination are varied as these foods are grown in soil and can become contaminated during growth or through processing and distribution.

http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/foodborne-illnesses/Pages/facts.aspx#2

Farmers work diligently to apply organic matter (manure used for fertilizer) during early stages of growth to reduce the potential for contamination.

http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/bacteria/#9

USFRA Point of View

First and foremost, farmers and ranchers are committed to providing safe food and healthy choices for everyone. During the past several decades, farmers and ranchers have continuously improved their processes so Americans can have one of the safest food supplies in the world. And farmers and... Read more